The condition of most farmers is terrible. About 80% of farmers in India are marginal (less than 1 hectare) or small farmers (1–2 hectare) category. Agriculture supports about 60% of employment but contributes only 17% to GDP. Every day, there are reports of Indian farmer suicides from different parts of the country.
The price of a crop is the opposite of productivity. If the productivity is higher then the price will be lower and vice versa.
Good rainfall, good yield and good prices never come together. So the income of the farmers will be either marginal or there will be any profit or loss.
Only large farmers can use machines and achieve good productivity with low production costs.
It is certainly true that the Indian farmer is a hard-working farmer; it has a good ability to manage the variations of nature and circumstances.
By adopting the latest scientific tools, he is learning many ways of farming, a lot of awareness in farming through education.
Followings are the methods and crops that gives higher profits. Marginal Farmars can earn high profits to apply these methods.
- Hydroponics Technology
- Greenhouse Technology
Mushroom cultivation can help reduce vulnerability to poverty and strengthens livelihoods through the generation of a fast yielding and nutritious source of food and a reliable source of income. Since it does not require access to land, mushroom cultivation is a viable and attractive activity for both rural farmers and peri-urban dwellers. Small-scale growing does not include any significant capital investment: mushroom substrate can be prepared from any clean agricultural waste material, and mushrooms can be produced in temporary clean shelters. They can be cultivated on a part-time basis, and require little maintenance. Indirectly, mushroom cultivation also provides opportunities for improving the sustainability of small farming systems through the recycling of organic matter, which can be used as a growing substrate, and then returned to the land as fertilizer.